have gathered the following information from some
travel guides. I added my own thoughts to it and
I tried to make these notes as comprehensive as
possible, enjoy reading it.
land of ancient civilizations, invites you to
one of the most enjoyable trips of your life.
Situated at the crossroads of the world, Egypt
is a vital junction for international air and
sea traffic. You may enjoy at little cost a trip
to Egypt; a trip stimulating to the mind and pleasing
to the heart, amidst immortal ancient monuments
dating from some of the oldest civilizations ever
created by man: Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Byzantine,
early Christian and Islamic civilizations. With
the beauty of its nature, its bright sunshine
and its hospitable people, Egypt welcomes and
invites you to a holiday of pleasure and enjoyment,
teeming with culture, knowledge, information,
and a wealth of unforgettable memories that you
will glean on the banks of the Nile.
you should know about Egypt
covers an area of about 1 million square kilometers
and has a population of 60 millions, who mainly
live in the cities and villages that lie on the
banks of the Nile. Egypt northern frontier is
the Mediterranean, its eastern the Red Sea, its
western Libya and its southern the Sudan.
history of Egypt dates back, some 5000 years,
and the Pharaonic era is divided into three main
capital was Menf (Memphis), founded by King Mena,
the first king of I Dynasty, who united Upper
and Lower Egypt. One of the famous kings of that
Dynasty is Zoser who built the Saqqara pyramid,
the first large-scale stone structure in history.
Egypt was at the apex of its civilization at the
era which wit-nessed the building of the Pyramids.
capital was Thebes. A period characterized by
an artistic renaissance, agricultural projects
and trade exchange with Bilad al Sham and the
The New Kingdom starts with the 18th
Dynasty founded by King Ahmos. Its capital was
Thebes, except for the short period, when king
Akhen-Aton moved his capital to Tel-eI-Amarna
and lived there with his wife Nefertiti. Among
the eminent rulets of the New Kingdom is king
Ramses II who left a great architectural patrimony,
the most important being the two Temples of Abou-Simbel.
the Pharaonic era came successively the Persian,
the Greek, the Roman and the Byzantine eras.
Arab Islamic Conquest
This era starts in 641 when the Arabs entered
Egypt, under the leadersh of Amr ibn el Aas, and
Egypt became a great Islamic bastion. One of tl
salient names of this era is that of Salah Eddeen
In 1798, Napoleon Bonaparte, led his Expedition
to Egypt, which brought Egypt in contact with
the European civilization for the first time
In 1840, Mohamed Aly established his dynasty in
Egypt, which it rub for over 100 years.
And in 1952, the revolution broke out, put an
end to monarchy at established a republican regime.
A Brief Expose on the Economy
Egyptian economy was mainly based on agriculture
but, following the revolution, the government
focused its efforts on industry to conform with
the evolution of the age, and invited Arab and
foreign investments i accordance with its outward
looking economic policy. Egypt provides i this
connection, a great number of facilities to Arab
and foreign investor and has created free zones.
One of the sectors which most benefited by the
economic policy and encouragement to investments,
is that of tourism.
80% of the population are Moslems and 20% are
Coptic Orthodox Christians. Very small minorities
of Catholics and Protestants.
A climate of concord and tolerance prevails among
the Muslim and Christian Egyptian citizens.
official language and the language talked by the
people is Arabic. It alphabet is composed of 28
letters. However, a great number of Egyptian are
proficient in foreign languages, in particular
English and French.
climate in Egypt is most temperate; the sun practically
shines the year round, at least eight hours a
days, and rainy days are the exception.
Even in the summer months (June - August), the
northern wind blowing from Europe brings about
a milder weather. Although the desert regions
of the country have a continental climate, the
Nile-valley keeps a temperate climate throughout
Ancient writings indicate that, as far back as
Pharaonic times, a large number of Egyptian cities
enjoyed a healthy climate, with curative proper-ties.
The ancient Greek scientists who fathered the
science of therapeutics have emphasized in their
writings the importance of Egypt in that domain,
and advised people to benefit by the climate and
sun of Egyptian cities. Herodotus states that
the good health of the Egyptians and their strong
constitution is due to the ever shining sun of
Egypt, and the wholesome climate of its cities.
Egypt is known for its mineral springs, such as
those of Helwan, the most important town for therapeutic
tourism. The relevant authorities in the country
have established physiotherapy sections in hospitals,
and focused attention on physiotherapeUtiC centres,
such as Helwan, Em Esseera, El-Goushbi, Fayoum,
Mersa-Matrouh, the shores of the Red Sea, Aswan
and others.Egypt has a large number of modern
specialized hospitals, equipped with sophisticated
and Visa Requirements
Egyptian consulates are authorized to grant transit
visas for a period not exceeding one month. Provided
that the passport is valid for at least six months
from the date of entry. Passport authorities at
all airports are also empowered to grant a transit
visa or entry visa on the spot, even if the holder
of the passport had not been granted a previous
visa. A collective entry visa may be granted to
tourist groups whose trip was organized by a tourist
agency, provided no member of the group is left
cost of an entry visa is about CA$27.00 for a
single entry and $?? For multiple entry (That
might be useful if you will be continuing to another
country and returning via Cairo) if you plan to
get your Visa from the Egyptian Consulate in Montreal
you will require a completed application, 2 photographs,
a certified cheque or money order in the amount
of $27.00 per visa and a stamp registered self
addressed envelop (enough stamps on it for returning
it to you by mail). And send it to:
3754 Cote des Neiges
Tel (514) 937-7781
you choose to get your visa at Cairo airport (which
is very easy to do as long as you have a valid
Canadian passport for 6 moths) you will pay the
approximately US$20.00. and no picture is required.
have to register themselves within 7 days of their
arrival in the country. This will be taken care
of by the hotel and, or the Cruise staff, you
will be required to submit your passport for approximately
one night. (remember to change enough traveler
cheques prior to submitting your passport as you
will need your passport for cashing travelers
Clothes to Take to Egypt
advise you, dear tourist, to take cotton clothes
in summer and woolen clothes in winter, soft walking
shows that have been worn before. Do not take
brand new shows. Shorts are O.K. Please bear in
mind that shops in Cairo and in most big towns
carry a good array of clothes as well as other
products needed by tourists at a reasonable cost.
Egypt is known for its first class cotton textiles,
which are much less expensive than similar goods
elsewhere in the world.
personal effects used or new are exempt from customs
duties and other taxes. Custom officials pay special
attention to Video Camera equipment. You must
declare your Video Camera to the custom officer
at the airport when you arrive he will mark the
serial number of the camera on your passport and
you must show the camera to the custom officers
at the airport upon your final departure.
Some Travel books state that you must transfer
the equivalent of $150.00 at the airport upon
arrival. That is no longer a requirement.
The unit of currency is the Egyptian
Pound, divided into 100 Piasters (1 Canadian dollar
is approximately 2 pounds and 20 Piasters).
Egyptian Bank notes are 100 Pounds, 50 Pounds,
20 Pounds, 10 Pounds, 5 Pounds and 1 Pound, 50
Piasters, 25 Piasters, 10 Piasters and 5 Piasters.
All banks have very similar exchange rates. There
is no longer a black market for foreign currencies.
Please Do not buy Egyptian currency form Canada.
You will get a better exchange rate if you exchange
your US or Canadian Dollars in Egypt. If you have
US$ take it with you, but do not exchange CA$
to US$ to take with you. Canadian Currency is
acceptable at most Banks in Egypt.
You can use Credit Cards at most of the major
hotels in Egypt, the exchange rate will be determent
by the Canadian Card Bank and can be unpredictable.
Use it wisely. At the shops and Bazaars Credit
Cards are frowned on.
ATM machines are very few and can give you a
very nice surprise in the large service fees they
charge. Do not depend their availability.
Health Requirements and information
is no vaccination required by either the Canadian
or the Egyptian government for entry into to Egypt
or to Canada, except if you are entering Egypt
from another country (the Egyptian Government
requires Yellow Fever Vaccination if you are entering
Egypt from Kenya.)
It is important to consult your doctor about any
vaccination or medication that the doctor might
recommend or prescribe to you..
It is recommended that you drink only bottled
water. Although there is nothing
wrong with the local water and as you will see
most Egyptians are quite healthy, but our North
American Digestive system is not used to the local
water. Most hotels and Cruise boats have water
purification station, which is used for cooking.
I heard from many travelers to eat only what you
can peel and to keep away from salads etc. That
does not help, if you are going to get sick you
will!. I would say unless your doctor recommends
other wise, you can experience all kinds of food.,
but only eat at the main hotels and cruise restaurants
(no eating from street vendors). If you are going
to get the Montizouma attack you will get it any
way!! Just make sure you take with you a supply
I have found that due to the hot climate, some
traveler return to their cruise or their hotel
after a sightseeing trip and drink a glass of
cold icy water. That will disturb your digestive
to travel in the Country
to the congestion and the large population of
Cairo (12million people) it is not recommended
that any body would rent a car. It is recommended
that you would rent a car with driver or use taxies.
If you are planing to take a trip somewhere or
to anther city it might be easier for you if we
can arrange it for you.
Local buses are not recommended Although the new
under ground is very convenient and clean it might
be difficult to fide direction as there are no
good city maps. Local taxies are plentiful at
hotels and major attractions, and although they
all have meters in them it is recommended that
you should agree on a price for the trip prior
to entering the taxi. To travel to other cities
example Alexandria you can travel by train or
the new deluxe air-conditioned buses. You can
ask the front office of your hotel about their
Tourist Sites in
On the western bank of the Nile, facing Cairo,
on the Giza plateau rise the three Pyramids, built
by Cheops, Chepren and Mycerinos, and nearby the
Sphinx keeps watch over them.
great pyramid of Cheops is one of the 7 World-Wonders,
and the only one that still stands.
The Pyramids are still one of the most important
tourist sites in Egypt.
ancient site of Menf, the capital of Egypt in
the days of the ancient kingdom. It teems with
monuments and tombs. The most important landmark
in the area is the step pyramid of Saqqara, built
for the Pharaoh Zoser of the III Dynasty (2916
BC). The oldest large-scale Stone structure in
history. Pyramids abound in Egypt, starting from
the Pyramid of Abou Rawash in the north to the
edge of the western desert, over 20 Kms, and ending
with the Pyramids of Illahoun at the ingress of
suburb of Matareya stands on the site of the ancient
pharaonic "oun" called by the Greeks
"Heliopolis". The only still visible
vestige of this city is "Al Matareya Obelisk".
The Christian monuments in Egypt have a religious
importance as well as an historical and artistic
importance. They mark a transitional phase from
Pharaonic to Islamic art. In addition to the ancient
historic relics displayed at the Coptic Museum,
there are scores of churches in Cairo and in its
Moalaqa Church (Hanging Church)
is so called because it was built on the pillars
of the Roman fort of Babylon. It dates from the
late 4th and early 5th century AD, as indicated
on a carved wooden screen that represents Jesus,
entering Jerusalem victorious. The church has
a wonderful collection of icons, about 90.
close to the Coptic museum, it dates from the
4th century AD. It is widely believed that this
church was built over the place where the Holy
Family stayed when, escaping from Herod. It came
to Egypt seeking shelter. Abou Serga church has
a great historical and artistic importance and
is visited by all Christian sects.
Church of the Virgin
dates back to the 8th century AD, and houses a
rare collection icons.
close to Abou Serga church, it bears the name
of Saint Barbara who was killed by her pagan father
when she converted to Christianity One of the
most beautiful Coptic churches, it dates from
the late 4th century and early 5th century AD
Churches of Abou Sefein Monastery
monastery is located in Amr Mosque Street, close
to Helwan railway and houses three churches:
Sefin church (Saint Mokarino)
Virgin of Damshire church.
in Fom el Khalig area, it dates from the late
5th and early century AD It is named after Saint
Mena, one of the greatest saints of Coptic church,
who died a victim of the persecution of Christians
by Roman emperor Diocletian.
ancient churches in Cairo are the Virgin Mary
church in Zowela lane and the Virgin and Mar Girgis
churches in El-Rome lane. Among modern churches,
there is the Virgin church at Zeitoun, where thousand
go seeking divine blessing when it was said that
the Virgin Mary had appeared above one of its
Saint Marcus Cathedral
largest church in Africa, it was recently erected
at Abbassia, and bears witness to architectural
development. The remains of Saint Marcus, one
of the first people who preached Christianity
in Egypt, were interred in this church.
Tree of the Virgin
the Holy Family fled from Israel to escape from
the persecu-tion of Herod, it came to Egypt. According
to some historians, the Holy Family went from
El-Moharrak Monastery in Upper Egypt to Al-Matareya
suburb, where grows the blessed tree of the Virgin
under which she sheltered with the Holy Babe.
The tree, always green, is now some 2000 years
old. It is one of the most important Christian
tourist sites in Egypt, where thousands go seeking
bounty and blessings.
the most important Christian monuments in Egypt,
are the monasteries that date from the early Christian
era, nine of which still stand in Lower and Upper
Egypt, still inhabited by monks.
1- Saint Catherine's monastery, in Sinai.
Amba Antonious monastery close to Safarana by
the Red Sea.
Amba Paul monastery by the Red Sea.
Saint Makkarius monastery (Abbou Makkar) at Wadi
Amba Bshoi monastery at Wadi Natroun, 20 km west
of Saint karius monastery.
Al Sourian monastery, the smallest monastery at
Wadi Natroun, world renowned. It is the monastery
from which Shenouda III, current patriarch of
the Coptic Orthodox graduated from as a monk
The Baramos monastery, at Wadi Natroun from which
graduated Pope Kirillos VI, the late patriarch
of the Copts.
monastery of the Virgin at Maharrak in Upper-Egypt,
west town of Kossia. Its history and that of the
closely relate to the journey of the Holy Family
The monastery of Amba Samuel in the western desert,
in the vicinity of Maghaga in Upper Egypt.
monastery at Marriout, 100 km south of Alexandria.
artistic beauty of Islamic monuments is not only
that of mosques, but of, houses, palaces, fortresses
and engineering works as well.
Mosques of Cairo
Ibn El Aas Mosque
first mosque built ii Egypt and the fourth in
the world in (21 Hejra, 642 A.D.) in the days
of .Amr ibn el Aas, on a site north of Babylon.
It is simple in design and 'plan, and its first
pillars were made of palm tree trunks, and the
roof was covered with palm leaves. Renovations,
repairs and additions were made over the years.
Its present design is an open courtyard with four
"riwaks" around it the largest being
the "qibla riwak"; it also has multi-shaped
third mosque built in Islamic Egypt, in 878 AD,
in the reign of Amir Ahmed Ibn Touloun, the founder
of the Toulounide dynasty. One of the largest
mosques in Egypt, it covers an area of 161 m x
162 m, and its open courtyard measures 92 m x
91 m, with 4 "riwaks" around it. It
is decorated with beautifully carved stucco and
its minaret has an external staircase.
The first mosque in Fatimid Cairo, it was built
by Gawhar el Sakalli, commander-in-chief of the
army of E1-Moezz Ledeen Illah in 969 AD. El Azhar
was named after Fatima el Zahraa', daughter of
the prophet, may God's peace and blessings be
El Azhar is one of the oldest Islamic universities
to which flock students from the four corners
of the Islamic world. The successive rulers enlarged
and embellished it over the years. El Azhar has
a central courtyard sur-rounded by lwans and three
minarets, one of them a double minaret, built
in the 'days of Sultan el Ghouri. It also has
an extensive library, some 60,000 books, 15,000
of which are manuscripts.
Mosque and School of Sultan Hassan
gem of Islamic architecture, it was built by Sultan
Hassan ibn Mohamed ibn Kalaoun. Construction of
a mosque and school was started in 1356 AD, for
the four Islamic schools with adjoining dormitory
facilities and a library. Once completed, teachers
and physicians were appointed. The mosque covers
and area of 7906 square meters. It has a monumental
entrance, 38 m high, the most impressive among
Islamic monuments in Egypt.
Citadel of Salah Eddeen
visit to Salah Eddeen citadel situated on a spur
on one of the peaks of the Mokattam hills, calls
to mind its great founder, Salah Eddeen el Ayoubi.
It was erected in 1183 AD, along the lines of
a medieval fortresses.
impressive mosque, it rises on the northern peak
of Salah Eddeen citadel, and may be seen from
any place in Cairo. Also called the "Ala-baster
Mosque, it is one of Cairo's landmarks. The mosque
was built bet-ween 1830 - 1849, in an ottoman
style and is divided into two parts.
The eastern part which is square-shaped is covered
by a large dome 21 m in diameter and 52 m high,
with walls covered with alabaster and embel-lished
with gilt decorations. The western part is the
"sahn", and on the eastern wall of the
mosque rise two twin minarets, each 84 meters
Dome and School of Bimartstan Kalawoon
the northern end of the "Goldsmith lane in
al-Azhar district, stretches an area of great
artistic beauty. Outstanding landmarks are the
dome, unique in design, and the only one of its
kind in Egypt is covered with .marble inlaid with
mother-of-pearl; carved and gilt ceilings and
a marble mihrab, distinct in its height and grace.
Zouela and Al-Moa'yed Mosque (in Bab el Shareya)
Zouela, one of Cairo's gate was built in 1091
AD, nearby the two minarets of El Moa'yed mosque
built in 1441 AD., rise higher than the gate.
Al Moa'yad mosque is a master-piece among the
Cherkess-Mamlouk monuments in Cairo, and its-
minarets are the most graceful.
Mosque (Between Abbassia and the Citadel)
Built by Sultan Quaitbay, in 1474 AD., it is a
jewel of Islamic art. A graceful minaret, an exquisitely
carved dome and a well-proportioned layout
Blue Mosque (at Tabbana)
by Emir Sonnkor eI Nasseri, in 1347 AD it is called
the Blue Mosque because of the blue tiles, covering
its walls. It has a marble minbar and a round-shaped
Gamal Eddeen el Zahabi (in Ghourieh)
in the 17th century AD., in the style of Arab
houses, it has retained its specific details and
characteristics, the most salient being the marble
fountain in the courtyard, the mashrabiehs (lattice
work) and rooms embellished with coloured glass.
el Sehemi (at Darb el Asfar)
in another Islamic architectural style, it has
retained all its specific details. The large hall
on the first floor, in its northern part, has
walls covered with ceramic tiles.
el-Khalili and Goldsmith Lane
most impressive among oriental bazaars and one
of the oldest as it dates back to the 14th century
AD It comprises a large number of shops which
expose fabulous collections o. gold and silver
jewelry, copper and wooden wares inlaid with mother
of pearls. textiles as well as oriental needle
work of great beauty that one may buy as gifts.
of Imams and Holy Men
The following are some of the Important mosques
where are buried holy Men and members of the Family
of the Prophet.
bears the name of the Grand-Son of the Prophet.
The mausoleum is an artistic masterpiece made
of pure silver with designs and inscriptions in
gold inlay. The mosque possesses a rare collection
of personal belongings of the Prophet.
bears the name of the Granddaughter of the Prophet,
Sayeda Zeinab, daughter of lmam Aly, lbn Abi Taleb,
and houses her mausoleum.
and Mausoleum of Imam El-Shafei
bears the name of Imam Abi Abdallah Mohamed ibn
Idris El-Shafei, Imam of one of the four Islamic
schools. His mausoleum is one of the oldest Ayoubi
vestiges, and his mosque is known for its large
dome, made of wood and covered with lead sheets.
and Mausoleum of Sayeda Nefissa
is named after Sayeda Nefissa, Granddaughter of
Imam Aly, ibn Abi Taleb, and houses her mausoleum.
These are not the, only mosques of Cairo. as the
"City of the thousand Minarets" is rich
in stately mosques. Their domes, minarets and
inscrip-tions bear witness to the beauty of Islamic
art at the various periods, such as E1-Moayed
Mosque, El-Hakem Mosque, Sultan Barkous. Saleh
Talai, El-Ahmar, El Rifai and Quaitbay Mosques.
Museums of Cairo
any other ancient capital, Cairo is also well
known for its museums.
in El-Tahrir Square, it is the greatest Egyptian
archaeological museum in the world, containing
about 250,000 objets of art that date as far back
as the 5000 years of Egypt's history. The exhibits
have an historical as well as an artistic value.
One of the most important displays is the Tut-Ankh-Amon
hours: Saturday to Thursday 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Friday
9 a.m. to 11 am.; 1 p.m. to 4p.m.
in old Cairo, it houses rare collections of relics,
textiles and manuscripts dating back to early
Christian times. Exhibits at the museum reflect
the beauty of ancient Coptic art with its colours
and decorations, which is considered a transitional
period from ancient pharaonic to Islamic arts.
of Islamic Art
is situated at Ahmed Maher Square in the Public
Library Building. It houses some 65,000 objets
d'art from the various eras and artistic schools:
Persian, Mamluki and Turkish which give clear
idea of the evolution and development of Islamic
in Manial, it overlooks the Nile, and was the
private residence of Prince Mohamed Aly Tewfik.
The architectural style of this palace is a mixture
of Persian, Moroccan and Turkish. The palace contains
a rare collection of valuable jewels, fine carpets,
priceless objet d'art and historical manuscript.
Egyptian Civilization Museum
at the Guzira island Exhibition Grounds, it displays
the evolution of life and Egyptian civilization
over the centuries.
are not the only museums in Cairo. There are others
museums such as the Agricultural museum, Mostafa
Kamal museum, etc.
largest port in Egypt, and the most important
summer resort in the Middle East. it lies on the
Mediterranean , west of the Nile Delta, 225 km
from Cairo by the Agriculture road and 221 km
by the Desert road. Named after Alexander the
Great, it was built at his orders on the site
of a small village called Racotis, in 332 BC to
be the capital of his realm in Egypt, and a sea
port close to his homeland, as well as a center
of Greek culture and civilization. Alexandria
remained, for centuries, a beacon of culture the
world over, and left its mark on the history of
mankind. Today, Alexandria is the second capital
of Egypt. It is ideally situated, has a tempered
climate and soft sandy beaches that extend from
Agami west to Abou-Keir east. It is indeed the
pearl of the Mediterranean.
to get to Alexandria
train in about2.30 hours from Cairo. By Car, in
3.30 by the Desert road, which is 221 kin, long,
and a little longer by the Agricultural road which
is 225 km long I would suggest using the Agricultural
road one way and the desert road the other way.
You can also fly there by Egyptair in 35 minutes
(flying to Alexandria is not recommended).
summer residence of Egypt's former royal family,
it was built on an elevation that overlooks one
of the most attractive beaches of Alexandria The
palace comprises a number of buildings. The most
important is the "Haramlek", whose 1st
floor was converted into an international casino
and its 2nd and 3rd into a museum that displays
private belongings o former royal family.
"Salamlek", was converted Into a pleasant
hotel, overlooking the lovely Montazah bay.
is known for its numerous sandy beaches, the most
important being: El Maamoura, El Montazah, El
Mandara, El Assafra, Miami Sidi-Bishr, El-Shatby,
San-Stephano, Glym, Stanley, Cleopatra, Rou Sidi-Gaber,
Sporting and lbrahimeya, which all skirt the Corniche
road On the western side of the city lie the suburbs
of Agami and Hannoville and. Those beaches are
famous for their soft and clear waters.
Nozha garden, the zoological garden, Antoniades
garden, are in the city but the gardens of Montazah
palace stretch along the sea.
contains a large collection of ancient relics
of great historical and artistic value that date
from centuries BC.
colossal granite pillar, 27 m high, it was erected
in 297 AD, in memory of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
of Kom el Shokafa
Roman catacombs are rock-hewn in three tiers at
a depth 100 feet. They date from late first and
early second century A.D.
small Roman theatre, recently discovered in Kom
el Dekka, close to the Greco-Roman museum. It
has 12 marble terraces in a semi-circular shape,
and is the only one of its kind in Egypt. The
Fort of Quaitbay At the northern tip of the Eastern
harbor, on the site where the Pharos of Alexandria
stood. This fort was constructed in the 15th century
by Quaitbay, and consists of three floors along
the lines of medieval fortresses
in Egypt, and now houses a naval museum to preserve
the naval heritage of Alexandria.
Marine Biology Institute
adjoins Quaitbay fort on Anfoushi bay, and contains
a very large variety of fish and other specimens
of marine life.
at Anfoushi, it is one of the most important Islamic
monuments in Alexandria, with its high minaret
and four domes.
Museum of Fine Arts
Located at Manshieh Street No. 18, Moharram Bay,
it displays artistic sculptures, paintings and
architectural designs. Egyptian as well as foreign
artists often hold exhibitions there.
established in Fatima El-Zahraa palace Alexandria
Zezenia district.This museum is considered a magnifcent
architectural piece of art, its halls comprise
several paintings, decorations and rare statues.
The museum houses collection of Mohamed Ali Family's
jewellery, all are invaluable and rare pieces.
Archeological Area of Mostapha Kamel
Moaskar Romani Street, Rushdi, it consists of
4 tombs of the Ptolemaic era that date from the
2nd century BC. Rock-hewn in sub-surface rock,
it is the only cemetery unearthed in the east
of Alexandria. This cemetery differs from the
other Ptolemaic tombs because of its engravings,
architectural style and relatively good condition.
Archeological Area of Anfoushi
the entrance of Ras el Teen Palace, there are
five tombs in the area, two of them are most important.
They were discovered in 1901, and date back to
the Ptolemaic period about 300 BC. They are known
for their fine inscriptions and distinct architectural
very near to the sea, north of Saint Marc School,
it consists of an entrance with a pass way linking
the front and back burial rooms. It was enlarged
in the following centuries to provide further
burial space. It dates from the 3rd century BC.,
and its architecture copies the style of old Greek.
is one of Alexandria's quietest beaches, ideal
for fishing and good sea food restaurants. This
pleasant suburb has an important historical past,
having witnessed in 1798, the famous battle of
"Abou-Keir in which the British admiral
Nelson destroyed Napoleon Bonaparte's fleet.